Over 60 Years of Art | Welcome to the World Ali Omar Ermes

GLOSSARY OF ARABIC TERMS

Here are some of the common terms related to the techniques used by the Ali Omar Ermes in his works:

  • Abjadiah – Alphabet settings
  • Al Abaadul Arbaah – The four dimensions
  • Al Alif meezan-al-hurouf – The letter Alif is the Arabic geometrical measure of other letters.
  • Alamaat – Signs or emblems
  • Alwan – Colours
  • Anaqah – Elegance
  • Aqeeq – Agate
  • At-ta’ajob – Wonder, astonishment
  • Awzan – The balance or measurements in poetry and music
  • Basariyat – The overpowering visual effect of a composition
  • Daibajah – A beautiful presentation in words
  • Ehsaas – Feelings or perceptions
  • Fi Zilali-el-Hurouf – In the shade of letters
  • Istihash – The state of being in the midst of desolation
  • Istinaas – Within a familiar or friendly environment/setting
  • Istishfaf – The state where you can read beyond what is written and see what is not transparent
  • Khalfiyah – Background
  • Mabadi ash-shakil – Fundamentals of making shapes
  • Mantourat – Slashing colour to create a spontaneous effect
  • Masahat – Spaces
  • Mohaddabah – Concave
  • Moraqqamat – A piece of artwork in an embroidery pattern
  • Morjaan – Coral
  • Naqa atam – Complete purity
  • Naseej – A slow-paced weave of ‘colour’
  • Qawat at-ta’athir – Power of impression
  • Quwaat at-ta’abir – Power of expression
  • Ramye – A power dash of colour
  • Shaddah – A sign to show stress on certain letters
  • Siraa al moheet – A struggle against the elements
  • Tadhareess – Terrain or surface texture of an artwork
  • Tahweer – The technique of reforming or reconstituting of a composition
  • Taleef – Compiling different elements to come together
  • Tamawojat – Waves in speedy movement
  • Tamsheet – Combing the surface
  • Tanmeeq – Elimination of elegant writing
  • Tanseeq – Harmonious arrangement of colours, sounds
  • Tarkeebatul harouf – A setting of letters
  • Tarqeem – An embroidered pattern
  • Tarqeesh – Embellished/ornamented
  • Tarrah – Laying colours in position
  • Tashreeh – An in-depth look into an artwork
  • Tekweem al afkar, alwan, horouf – Piling or composition of ideas, colours or letters on top of each other
  • Tekween – A creative composition
  • Tikrar – A composition made out of repeated presentation
  • Toma-a-Neenah – Tranquility.
  • Tughra – A calligraphic symbol
  • Usloob – A way or style
  • Zaafran – Saffron
  • Zukhrufah – A pattern of harmonious compositions
  • Zumorrod – Emerald